Tuberculosis control is a high priority for the Ministry of Health from Peru. In the present work the inhibitory effect of both metanolic (MeOH) and ethyl acetate (AcOEt) crude extracts and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of both wild plants and in vitro plantlets of Plumbago scandens L.-Plumbaginaceae-against multidrug-resistance (MDR) strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were determined. The plant material was constituted by roots and seeds, collected in the Motupe (Lambayeque) area. The in vitro plantlets were obtained from seedlings and micropropagated by shoot tips and nodal segments in Murashige and Skoog (MS) culture medium. The microbiological material consisting of one control strain and two strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant to isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF) was cultivated using the Lowenstein-Jensen culture medium. The MIC values varied from 0,65 to 1,3 mg/mL. Bacterial strains showed more sensitivite to the AcOEt crude extract. The GC analysis of the plant material showed the presence of the naphtoquinone plumbagin and other aromatic compounds. In conclusion, the MeOH y AcOEt crude extracts from roots of the wild plants and MeOH crude extract of in vitro plantlets of P. scandens showed a strong inhibitory activity against MDR strains of M. tuberculosis.
|Translated title of the contribution||Biological activity of plumbago scandens L. against multidrug-resistance strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Boletin Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromaticas|
|State||Published - May 2011|
- Antimicrobial activity
- Metanolic extract
- Tissue culture