Contribution of the Synchronous and Asynchronous Mode in Virtual Education in a Peruvian Higher Educational Institution During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Janet Aquino, Carlos Valdivia, Jessie Bravo, Roger Alarcón

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


COVID-19 caused universities around the world to adapt their educational models to the new virtual modality. In Peru, higher education institutions integrated teaching-learning activities, integrating synchronous and asynchronous modes, through online classes and virtual learning spaces. The research aimed to identify the level of contribution of synchronous and asynchronous modes in virtual education, demonstrating the influence of five dimensions: psychological, technological, communication, pedagogical, and academic activities. With a quantitative approach, non-experimental design, and a sample of 1519 students at a public university, using an instrument based on a Likert scale. As a result, the synchronous mode had a greater contribution to virtual education, evidenced in the ease of use of technological tools, motivation, response time to queries, and effective communication, however, the asynchronous modality developed better research skills of the students, due to the autonomy and the better control of their time. The analysis by groups of careers and modes did not determine greater significance. The proceeds will serve universities as a contribution towards a new hybrid educational model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th Brazilian Technology Symposium, BTSymn 2022 - Emerging Trends and Challenges in Technology
EditorsYuzo Iano, Osamu Saotome, Guillermo Leopoldo Kemper Vásquez, Maria Thereza de Moraes Gomes Rosa, Rangel Arthur, Gabriel Gomes de Oliveira
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783031310065
StatePublished - 2023
Event8th Brazilian Technology Symposium, BTSym 2022 - Virtual, online
Duration: 24 Oct 202226 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies
Volume353 SIST
ISSN (Print)2190-3018
ISSN (Electronic)2190-3026


Conference8th Brazilian Technology Symposium, BTSym 2022
CityVirtual, online

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Asynchronous mode
  • COVID-19
  • Higher education
  • Synchronous mode
  • Virtual education


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