Perceived Effectiveness of Gender-Based Virtual Education in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic in University Higher Education

Carlos Valdivia, Roger Alarcón, Jessie Bravo, Janet Aquino, Nilton Germán, Fiorella Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The COVID-19 pandemic caused many processes to be digitized, one of them being education. With regard to university education, it was carried out virtually, in such a way that students were affected by the confinement and the coupling to a new educational reality. The objective was to analyze the perception of the effectiveness of the students based on their gender in the teaching - virtual learning process, under a quantitative, non-experimental, cross-sectional, and descriptive approach. A survey structured in five dimensions: psychological, technological, pedagogical, academic activities, and communication, was applied to a sample of 1,348 students from a public university. The results show that there is a significant difference between the perception of effectiveness by gender, taking into account the career groups. In technology, women perceive high effectiveness compared to men, in pedagogical terms, men have a better perception than women, academic activities and communication are perceived in a similar way in both genders, finally, psychologically, women were more affected than men.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 7th Brazilian Technology Symposium, BTSym 2021 - Emerging Trends in Human Smart and Sustainable Future of Cities Volume 1
EditorsYuzo Iano, Osamu Saotome, Guillermo Leopoldo Kemper Vásquez, Claudia Cotrim Pezzuto, Rangel Arthur, Gabriel Gomes de Oliveira
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783031044342
StatePublished - 2023
Event7th Brazilian Technology Symposium, BTSym 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 8 Nov 202110 Nov 2021

Publication series

NameSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies
Volume207 SIST
ISSN (Print)2190-3018
ISSN (Electronic)2190-3026


Conference7th Brazilian Technology Symposium, BTSym 2021
CityVirtual, Online

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • COVID-19
  • Effectiveness
  • Gender
  • Higher education


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